Sunday, 16 December 2018

Evidence Of Advanced Machines In Ancient Egypt?

In August, 1984, Analog magazine published my article “Advanced Machining in Ancient Egypt?”

It was a study of “Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh,” written by Sir. William Flinders Petrie. Since the article’s publication, I have visited Egypt twice, and with each visit I leave with more respect for the ancient pyramid builders. While in Egypt in 1986, I visited the Cairo museum and gave a copy of my article, along with a business card, to the director of the museum.

He thanked me kindly, threw it in a drawer to join other sundry material, and turned away.
Another Egyptologist led me to the “tool room” to educate me in the methods of the ancient masons by showing me a few cases that housed primitive copper tools. I asked my host about the cutting of granite, for this was the focus of my article. He explained that the ancient Egyptians cut a slot in the granite, inserted wooden wedges, and then soaked them with water. The wood swelled creating pressure that split the rock.

Splitting rock is vastly different than machining it and he did not explain how copper implements were able to cut granite, but he was so enthusiastic with his dissertation that I did not interrupt.
To prove his argument, he walked me over to a nearby travel agent encouraging me to buy airplane tickets to Aswan, where, he said, the evidence is clear. I must, he insisted, see the quarry marks there, as well as the unfinished obelisk.
Dutifully, I bought the tickets and arrived at Aswan the next day.
After learning some of the Egyptian customs, I got the impression that this was not the first time that my Egyptologist friend had made that trip to the travel agent. The quarry marks I saw there did not satisfy me that the methods described were the only means by which the pyramid builders quarried their rock.

There is a large round hole drilled into the bedrock hillside, that measures approximately 12 inches in diameter and 3 feet deep that is located in the channel, which runs the length of the estimated 3,000 ton obelisk. The hole was drilled at an angle with the top intruding into the channel space.

The ancients may have used drills to remove material from the perimeter of the obelisk, knocked out the webs between the holes, and then removed the cusps.

If you would like to know more on the advanced techniques of the ancient Egyptians, then I'm sure you will find this article interesting  - 15 Facts That Prove The Great Pyramid Of Giza Was Built By An Extremely Advanced Ancient Civilization

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